Adopt

API Reference

The following is a list of all user-facing parts of adopt.

If there are backwards-incompatible changes to anything listed here, they will be noted in the changelog and the author will feel bad.

Anything not listed here is subject to change at any time with no warning, so don't touch it.

Package ADOPT

ARGV (function)

(ARGV)

Return a list of the program name and command line arguments.

This is not implemented for every Common Lisp implementation. You can pass your own values to parse-options and print-help if it's not implemented for your particular Lisp.

COLLECT (function)

(COLLECT LIST EL)

Append element el to the end of list.

It is useful as a :reduce function when you want to collect all values given for an option.

This is implemented as (append list (list el)). It is not particularly fast. If you can live with reversed output consider (flip #'cons) instead.

DEFINE-STRING (macro)

(DEFINE-STRING VAR STRING &REST ARGS)

Convenience macro for (defparameter ,var (format nil ,string ,@args)).

DISCARD-OPTION (function)

(DISCARD-OPTION CONDITION)

Invoke the discard-option restart properly.

Example:

(handler-bind ((unrecognized-option 'discard-option))
  (multiple-value-bind (arguments options) (parse-options *ui*)
    (run arguments options)))

EXIT (function)

(EXIT &OPTIONAL (CODE 0))

Exit the program with status code.

This is not implemented for every Common Lisp implementation. You can write your own version of it and pass it to print-help-and-exit and print-error-and-exit if it's not implemented for your particular Lisp.

FIRST (function)

(FIRST OLD NEW)

Return new if old is nil, otherwise return old.

It is useful as a :reduce function when you want to just keep the first-given value for an option.

FLIP (function)

(FLIP FUNCTION)

Return a function of two arguments X and Y that calls function with Y and X.

Useful for wrapping existing functions that expect their arguments in the opposite order.

Examples:

(funcall #'cons 1 2)        ; => (1 . 2)
(funcall (flip #'cons) 1 2) ; => (2 . 1)
(reduce (flip #'cons) '(1 2 3) :initial-value nil)
; => (3 2 1)

LAST (function)

(LAST OLD NEW)

Return new.

It is useful as a :reduce function when you want to just keep the last-given value for an option.

MAKE-GROUP (function)

(MAKE-GROUP NAME &KEY TITLE HELP MANUAL OPTIONS)

Create and return an option group, suitable for use in an interface.

This function takes a number of arguments that define how the group is presented to the user:

See the full documentation for more information.

MAKE-INTERFACE (function)

(MAKE-INTERFACE &KEY NAME SUMMARY USAGE HELP MANUAL EXAMPLES CONTENTS)

Create and return a command line interface.

This function takes a number of arguments that define how the interface is presented to the user:

See the full documentation for more information.

MAKE-OPTION (function)

(MAKE-OPTION NAME &KEY LONG SHORT HELP MANUAL PARAMETER REDUCE
             (INITIAL-VALUE NIL INITIAL-VALUE?) (RESULT-KEY NAME) (KEY #'IDENTITY)
             (FINALLY #'IDENTITY))

Create and return an option, suitable for use in an interface.

This function takes a number of arguments, some required, that define how the option interacts with the user.

The manner in which the reducer is called depends on whether the option takes a parameter:

See the full documentation for more information.

PARSE-OPTIONS (function)

(PARSE-OPTIONS INTERFACE &OPTIONAL (ARGUMENTS (REST (ARGV))))

Parse arguments according to interface.

Two values are returned:

  1. A fresh list of top-level, unaccounted-for arguments that don't correspond to any options defined in interface.
  2. An EQL hash table of option keys to values.

See the full documentation for more information.

PARSE-OPTIONS-OR-EXIT (function)

(PARSE-OPTIONS-OR-EXIT INTERFACE &OPTIONAL (ARGUMENTS (REST (ARGV))))

Parse arguments according to interface, exiting if any error occurs.

Two values are returned:

  1. A fresh list of top-level, unaccounted-for arguments that don't correspond to any options defined in interface.
  2. An EQL hash table of option keys to values.

If an error occurs while parsing the arguments, exits immediately as if with adopt:print-error-and-exit.

See the full documentation for more information.

(PRINT-ERROR-AND-EXIT ERROR &KEY (STREAM *ERROR-OUTPUT*) (EXIT-FUNCTION #'EXIT) (EXIT-CODE 1)
                      (PREFIX error: ))

Print prefix and error to stream and exit.

Example:

(handler-case
    (multiple-value-bind (arguments options) (parse-options *ui*)
      (run arguments options))
  (unrecognized-option (c)
    (print-error-and-exit c)))
(PRINT-HELP INTERFACE &KEY (STREAM *STANDARD-OUTPUT*) (PROGRAM-NAME (CAR (ARGV))) (WIDTH 80)
            (OPTION-WIDTH 20) (INCLUDE-EXAMPLES T))

Print a pretty help document for interface to stream.

width should be the total width (in characters) for line-wrapping purposes. Care will be taken to ensure lines are no longer than this, though some edge cases (extremely long short/long option names and parameters) may slip through.

option-width should be the width of the column of short/long options (in characters). If the short/long option help is shorter than this, the option's help string will start on the same line. Otherwise the option's help string will start on the next line.

The result will look something like:

(print-help *program-interface* :width 60 :option-width 15)
; =>
; foo - do some things and meow
;
; USAGE: /bin/foo [options] FILES
;
; Foo is a program to frobulate some files, meowing as it
; happens.
;
; Options:
;   -v, --verbose    Output extra information.
;   -q, --quiet      Shut up.
;   --ignore FILE    Ignore FILE.  May be specified multiple
;                    times.
;   -n NAME, --name NAME
;                    Your name.  May be specified many times,
;                    last one wins.
;   -m, --meow       Meow.
;   0.........1.... option-width
; 0........1.........2.........3.........4.........5.........6
(PRINT-HELP-AND-EXIT INTERFACE &KEY (STREAM *STANDARD-OUTPUT*) (PROGRAM-NAME (CAR (ARGV)))
                     (WIDTH 80) (OPTION-WIDTH 20) (INCLUDE-EXAMPLES T) (EXIT-FUNCTION #'EXIT)
                     (EXIT-CODE 0))

Print a pretty help document for interface to stream and exit.

Handy for easily providing --help:

(multiple-value-bind (arguments options) (parse-options *ui*)
  (when (gethash 'help options)
    (print-help-and-exit *ui*))
  (run arguments options))
(PRINT-MANUAL INTERFACE &KEY (STREAM *STANDARD-OUTPUT*) (MANUAL-SECTION 1))

Print a troff-formatted man page for interface to stream.

Example:

(with-open-file (manual "man/man1/foo.1"
                        :direction :output
                        :if-exists :supersede)
  (print-manual *ui* manual))

SUPPLY-NEW-VALUE (function)

(SUPPLY-NEW-VALUE CONDITION VALUE)

Invoke the supply-new-value restart properly.

Example:

(handler-bind
    ((unrecognized-option (alexandria:rcurry 'supply-new-value "--foo"))
  (multiple-value-bind (arguments options) (parse-options *ui*)
    (run arguments options)))

TREAT-AS-ARGUMENT (function)

(TREAT-AS-ARGUMENT CONDITION)

Invoke the treat-as-argument restart properly.

Example:

(handler-bind ((unrecognized-option 'treat-as-argument))
  (multiple-value-bind (arguments options) (parse-options *ui*)
    (run arguments options)))

UNRECOGNIZED-OPTION (class)

Slot PROBLEMATIC-OPTION